The urologist is the physician responsible for treating all disorders and problems related to both sexes’ urinary tract.
The professional takes care of people who have difficulty urinating, suffer from kidney pain, have discomfort during sexual intercourse, and even those who have contracted a sexually transmitted disease.
In his daily life, he deals with infections, inflammation, tumors, kidney stones, bladder, urethra, prostate, testis, and penis problems, urinary incontinence, infertility, and urinary tract infection (which affects mainly women). Others specialize in kidney transplantation, something quite common these days.
The urologist does prostate exams, monitors related cancers, and takes care of the penis and testicles’ health. Every man from 50 years of age usually makes or should make an annual visit to the urologist to check the prostate, perform routine exams, and prevent cancer.
Urology has several subspecialties, which are:
Urogynecology – focused on the treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in women.
Andrology – studies the health of the male genitals, including sexual function.
Uro-oncology – treatment of cancers of the urinary tract.
Lithiasis – specialization in stones and urinary stones.
Laparoscopy – minimally invasive procedures for performing surgeries or exams.
Uropediatrics – treatment of diseases of the penis or urinary tract of children.
What are the main tests performed by urologists?
A urologist can perform several tests, and they vary according to the age of the patients.
In boys entering puberty, the urologist examines the testicles to diagnose cryptorchidism, which is when one of the organs is not in the scrotum. In men between the ages of 15 and 40, the testicles should be examined for early diagnosis of testicular cancer or a sexually transmitted disease.
After 40, urologists’ main test is the so-called prostate touch exam since it is common for men in andropause to develop cancer – which can be easily treated if diagnosed early on.
Do you know when it is necessary to make an appointment with a urologist? Many people have a bad habit of only seeing a doctor when they are ill or showing symptoms that may be due to some disease. This is true of virtually all medical specialties, and urology is no different.
In urology, this reality is even more serious, as many women think that only men need to consult with urologists, which is not true. The phoenix urology is responsible for treating diseases such as urinary incontinence, infections, and kidney stones, among other pathologies that affect men and women.